Quốc Tịch - 100 Civics Questions and Answers for the 2008 Test with MP3 Audio

The 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers for the 2008 version of the civics portion of the naturalization test are listed below. The civics test is an oral test and the USCIS officer will ask the applicant up to 10 of the 100 civics questions. An applicant must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.

On the naturalization test, some answers may change because of elections or appointments. As you study for the test, make sure that you know the most current answers to these questions. Answer these questions with the name of the official who is serving at the time of your eligibility interview with USCIS.

Although USCIS is aware that there may be additional correct answers to the 100 civics questions, applicants are encouraged to respond to the civics questions using the answers provided below.

* If you are 65 years old or older and have been a lawful permanent resident of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.

Listen to the MP3 audio of all 100 civics questions and answers (MP3, 42.09 MB)


A: Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land? Question 1 Audio (MP3, 156.91 KB)
  •  the Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do? Question 2 Audio (MP3, 244.46 KB)
  •  sets up the government

  •  defines the government
  •  protects basic rights of Americans
3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? Question 3 Audio (MP3, 236.72 KB)
  •  We the People

4. What is an amendment? Question 4 Audio (MP3, 235.91 KB)
  •  a change (to the Constitution)

  •  an addition (to the Constitution)
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? Question 5 Audio (MP3, 181.75 KB)
  •  the Bill of Rights

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?* Question 6 Audio (MP3, 313.28 KB)
  •  speech

  •  religion
  •  assembly
  •  press
  •  petition the government
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have? Question 7 Audio (MP3, 147.13 KB)
  •  twenty-seven (27)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do? Question 8 Audio (MP3, 362.56 KB)
  •  announced our independence (from Great Britain)

  •  declared our independence (from Great Britain)
  •  said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? Question 9 Audio (MP3, 231.02 KB)
  •  life

  •  liberty
  •  pursuit of happiness
10. What is freedom of religion? Question 10 Audio (MP3, 174.83 KB)
  •  You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. What is the economic system in the United States?* Question 11 Audio (MP3, 214.33 KB)
  •  capitalist economy

  •  market economy
12. What is the “rule of law”? Question 12 Audio (MP3, 329.98 KB)
  •  Everyone must follow the law.

  •  Leaders must obey the law.
  •  Government must obey the law.
  •  No one is above the law.

B: System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.* Question 13 Audio (MP3, 357.26 KB)
  •  Congress

  •  legislative
  •  President
  •  executive
  •  the courts
  •  judicial
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Question 14 Audio (MP3, 238.35 KB)
  •  checks and balances

  •  separation of powers
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch? Question 15 Audio (MP3, 157.31 KB)
  •  the President

16. Who makes federal laws? Question 16 Audio (MP3, 283.15 KB)
  •  Congress

  •  Senate and House (of Representatives)
  •  (U.S. or national) legislature
17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?* Question 17 Audio (MP3, 187.86 KB)
  •  the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18. How many U.S. Senators are there? Question 18 Audio (MP3, 150.39 KB)
  •  one hundred (100)

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? Question 19 Audio (MP3, 161.79 KB)
  •  six (6)

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?* Question 20 Audio (MP3, 360.11 KB)
  •  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members? Question 21 Audio (MP3, 180.53 KB)
  •  four hundred thirty-five (435)

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years? Question 22 Audio (MP3, 165.05 KB)
  •  two (2)

23. Name your U.S. Representative. Question 23 Audio (MP3, 422.83 KB)
  •  Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent? Question 24 Audio (MP3, 157.31 KB)
  •  all people of the state

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? Question 25 Audio (MP3, 324.28 KB)
  •  (because of) the state’s population

  •  (because) they have more people
  •  (because) some states have more people
26. We elect a President for how many years? Question 26 Audio (MP3, 152.02 KB)
  •  four (4)

27. In what month do we vote for President?* Question 27 Audio (MP3, 157.31 KB)
  •  November

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?* Question 28 Audio (MP3, 373.61 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the President of the United States.

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now? Question 29 Audio (MP3, 415.19 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Vice President of the United States.

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? Question 30 Audio (MP3, 203.74 KB)
  •  the Vice President

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? Question 31 Audio (MP3, 232.65 KB)
  •  the Speaker of the House

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? Question 32 Audio (MP3, 157.31 KB)
  •  the President

33. Who signs bills to become laws? Question 33 Audio (MP3, 158.94 KB)
  •  the President

34. Who vetoes bills? Question 34 Audio (MP3, 141.43 KB)
  •  the President

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do? Question 35 Audio (MP3, 164.24 KB)
  •  advises the President

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions? Question 36 Audio (MP3, 1.02 MB)
  •  Secretary of Agriculture

  •  Secretary of Commerce
  •  Secretary of Defense
  •  Secretary of Education
  •  Secretary of Energy
  •  Secretary of Health and Human Services
  •  Secretary of Homeland Security
  •  Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  •  Secretary of the Interior
  •  Secretary of Labor
  •  Secretary of State
  •  Secretary of Transportation
  •  Secretary of the Treasury
  •  Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  •  Attorney General
  •  Vice President
37. What does the judicial branch do? Question 37 Audio (MP3, 349.12 KB)
  •  reviews laws

  •  explains laws
  •  resolves disputes (disagreements)
  •  decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38. What is the highest court in the United States? Question 38 Audio (MP3, 159.35 KB)
  •  the Supreme Court

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? Question 39 Audio (MP3, 402.35 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the number of justices on the Supreme Court.

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now? Question 40 Audio (MP3, 429.86 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Chief Justice of the United States.

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
overnment? Question 41 Audio (MP3, 408.57 KB)
  •  to print money

  •  to declare war
  •  to create an army
  •  to make treaties
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? Question 42 Audio (MP3, 485.13 KB)
  •  provide schooling and education

  •  provide protection (police)
  •  provide safety (fire departments)
  •  give a driver’s license
  •  approve zoning and land use
43. Who is the Governor of your state now? Question 43 Audio (MP3, 240.39 KB)
  •  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

44. What is the capital of your state?* Question 44 Audio (MP3, 375.18 KB)
  •  Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?* Question 45 Audio (MP3, 190.3 KB)
  •  Democratic and Republican

46. What is the political party of the President now? Question 46 Audio (MP3, 374.84 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the political party of the President.

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now? Question 47 Audio (MP3, 410.91 KB)
  •  Visit uscis.gov/citizenship/testupdates for the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them. Question 48 Audio (MP3, 468.03 KB)
  •  Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

  •  You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
  •  Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
  •  A male citizen of any race (can vote).
49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?* Question 49 Audio (MP3, 264.82 KB)
  •  serve on a jury

  •  vote in a federal election
50. Name one right only for United States citizens. Question 50 Audio (MP3, 242.42 KB)
  •  vote in a federal election

  •  run for federal office
51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? Question 51 Audio (MP3, 426.66 KB)
  •  freedom of expression

  •  freedom of speech
  •  freedom of assembly
  •  freedom to petition the government
  •  freedom of religion
  •  the right to bear arms
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? Question 52 Audio (MP3, 237.95 KB)
  •  the United States

  •  the flag
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? Question 53 Audio (MP3, 578.79
  •  give up loyalty to other countries

  •  defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
  •  obey the laws of the United States
  •  serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
  •  serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
  •  be loyal to the United States
54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?* Question 54 Audio (MP3, 179.3 KB)
  •  eighteen (18) and older

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? Question 55 Audio (MP3, 681.01 KB)
  •  vote

  •  join a political party
  •  help with a campaign
  •  join a civic group
  •  join a community group
  •  give an elected official your opinion on an issue
  •  call Senators and Representatives
  •  publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
  •  run for office
  •  write to a newspaper
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?* Question 56 Audio (MP3, 183.78 KB)
  •  April 15

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service? Question 57 Audio (MP3, 260.34 KB)
  •  at age eighteen (18)

  •  between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)


A: Colonial Period and Independence

58. What is one reason colonists came to America? Question 58 Audio (MP3, 391.47 KB)
  •  freedom

  •  political liberty
  •  religious freedom
  •  economic opportunity
  •  practice their religion
  •  escape persecution
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? Question 59 Audio (MP3, 192.74 KB)
  •  American Indians

  •  Native Americans
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves? Question 60 Audio (MP3, 220.03 KB)
  •  Africans

  •  people from Africa
61. Why did the colonists fight the British? Question 61 Audio (MP3, 356.45 KB)
  •  because of high taxes (taxation without representation)

  •  because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
  •  because they didn’t have self-government
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Question 62 Audio (MP3, 149.58 KB)
  •  (Thomas) Jefferson

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? Question 63 Audio (MP3, 187.86 KB)
  •  July 4, 1776

64. There were 13 original states. Name three. Question 64 Audio (MP3, 659.02 KB)
  •  New Hampshire

  •  Massachusetts
  •  Rhode Island
  •  Connecticut
  •  New York
  •  New Jersey
  •  Pennsylvania
  •  Delaware
  •  Maryland
  •  Virginia
  •  North Carolina
  •  South Carolina
  •  Georgia
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? Question 65 Audio (MP3, 244.46 KB)
  •  The Constitution was written.

  •  The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66. When was the Constitution written? Question 66 Audio (MP3, 158.13 KB)
  •  1787

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers. Question 67
udio (MP3, 358.48 KB)
  •  (James) Madison

  •  (Alexander) Hamilton
  •  (John) Jay
  •  Publius
68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? Question 68 Audio (MP3, 440.34 KB)
  •  U.S. diplomat

  •  oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
  •  first Postmaster General of the United States
  •  writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
  •  started the first free libraries
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”? Question 69 Audio (MP3, 138.99 KB)
  •  (George) Washington

70. Who was the first President?* Question 70 Audio (MP3, 141.03 KB)
  •  (George) Washington

B: 1800s

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? Question 71 Audio (MP3, 252.61 KB)
  •  the Louisiana Territory

  •  Louisiana
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s. Question 72 Audio (MP3, 360.93 KB)
  •  War of 1812

  •  Mexican-American War
  •  Civil War
  •  Spanish-American War
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. Question 73 Audio (MP3, 240.8 KB)
  •  the Civil War

  •  the War between the States
74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War. Question 74 Audio (MP3, 273.37 KB)
  •  slavery

  •  economic reasons
  •  states’ rights
75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?* Question 75 Audio (MP3, 359.71 KB)
  •  freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

  •  saved (or preserved) the Union
  •  led the United States during the Civil War
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? Question 76 Audio (MP3, 386.99 KB)
  •  freed the slaves

  •  freed slaves in the Confederacy
  •  freed slaves in the Confederate states
  •  freed slaves in most Southern states
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do? Question 77 Audio (MP3, 235.09 KB)
  •  fought for women’s rights

  •  fought for civil rights

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.* Question 78 Audio (MP3, 382.92 KB)
  •  World War I

  •  World War II
  •  Korean War
  •  Vietnam War
  •  (Persian) Gulf War
79. Who was President during World War I? Question 79 Audio (MP3, 160.57 KB)
  •  (Woodrow) Wilson

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II? Question 80 Audio (MP3, 199.67 KB)
  •  (Franklin) Roosevelt

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II? Question 81 Audio (MP3, 203.74 KB)
  •  Japan, Germany, and Italy

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in? Question 82 Audio (MP3, 220.84
  •  World War II

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States? Question 83 Audio (MP3, 203.33 KB)

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination? Question 84 Audio (MP3, 172.79 KB)
  •  civil rights (movement)

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?* Question 85 Audio (MP3, 240.8 KB)
  •  fought for civil rights

  •  worked for equality for all Americans
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States? Question 86 Audio (MP3, 230.21 KB)
  •  Terrorists attacked the United States.

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. Question 87 Audio (MP3, 1.13 MB)
[USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]

  •  Cherokee
  •  Navajo
  •  Sioux
  •  Chippewa
  •  Choctaw
  •  Pueblo
  •  Apache
  •  Iroquois
  •  Creek
  •  Blackfeet
  •  Seminole
  •  Cheyenne
  •  Arawak
  •  Shawnee
  •  Mohegan
  •  Huron
  •  Oneida
  •  Lakota
  •  Crow
  •  Teton
  •  Hopi
  •  Inuit


A: Geography

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States. Question 88 Audio (MP3, 230.21 KB)
  •  Missouri (River)

  •  Mississippi (River)
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States? Question 89 Audio (MP3, 183.78 KB)
  •  Pacific (Ocean)

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? Question 90 Audio (MP3, 182.16 KB)
  •  Atlantic (Ocean)

91. Name one U.S. territory. Question 91 Audio (MP3, 348.71 KB)
  •  Puerto Rico

  •  U.S. Virgin Islands
  •  American Samoa
  •  Northern Mariana Islands
  •  Guam
92. Name one state that borders Canada. Question 92 Audio (MP3, 624.4 KB)
  •  Maine

  •  New Hampshire
  •  Vermont
  •  New York
  •  Pennsylvania
  •  Ohio
  •  Michigan
  •  Minnesota
  •  North Dakota
  •  Montana
  •  Idaho
  •  Washington
  •  Alaska
93. Name one state that borders Mexico. Question 93 Audio (MP3, 287.63 KB)
  •  California

  •  Arizona
  •  New Mexico
  •  Texas
94. What is the capital of the United States?* Question 94 Audio (MP3, 169.94 KB)
  •  Washington, D.C.

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?* Question 95 Audio (MP3, 316.54 KB)
  •  New York (Harbor)

  •  Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

B: Symbols

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes? Question 96 Audio (MP3, 281.52 KB)
  •  because there were 13 original colonies

  •  because the stripes represent the original colonies
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?* Question 97 Audio (MP3, 308.8 KB)
  •  because there is one star for each state

  •  because each star represents a state
  •  because there are 50 states
98. What is the name of the national anthem? Question 98 Audio (MP3, 169.94 KB)
  •  The Star-Spangled Banner

C: Holidays

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?* Question 99 Audio (MP3, 220.25 KB)
  •  July 4

100. Name two national U.S. holidays. Question 100 Audio (MP3, 926.94 KB)
  •  New Year’s Day

  •  Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
  •  Presidents’ Day
  •  Memorial Day
  •  Independence Day
  •  Labor Day
  •  Columbus Day
  •  Veterans Day
  •  Thanksgiving
  •  Christmas